Synthesis of Novel 17-Oxo-17a-Aza-D-Homo-3, 5-Seco-Steroids as Potential 5α-Reductase Inhibitors

Authors

University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014, India

Abstract

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-malignant enlargement of the prostate gland. It
is a leading disorder of the elderly male population. Excessive production of dihydrotestosterone
has been implicated in this pathological condition. Steroidal 5α-reductase is a membrane bound
NADPH dependent enzyme which is responsible for the conversion of testosterone (T) to
dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Therefore, inhibition of production of DHT by 5α-reductase
inhibitors is an important approach for the treatment of BPH. The proposed 17-oxo-17a-aza-Dhomo-
3,5-seco-steroids (17-20) have been synthesized using diosgenin as the starting material.
Diosgenin was converted to 17-oxo-3, 5-seco-4-nor-androstan-3-oic acid following six steps:
Oppenauer oxidation, Lemieux-von Rudloff oxidation, Wolff-Kishner reduction, Marker
degradation, oximation and Beckmann rearrangement. 17-Oxo-3, 5- seco-keto acid was then
converted to 17-oxo-17a-aza-D-homo-3, 5-seco-4-nor-androstan-3-oic acid by oximation
followed by Beckmann rearrangement. The resulted seco-keto acid was then treated with thionyl
chloride and the respective amines and phenols to get the desired 3, 5-seco-steroidal amides (17-
18) and esters (19-20) respectively.

Keywords


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