The determination of Cu2+, Fe3+, Zn2+ and Pb2+ in real samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry after their separation- preconcentration on 2-(2-nitrophenylazo)- naphthalen-1-ol loaded on activated carbon

Authors

1 Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, Gachsaran Branch, Gachsaran, Iran

Abstract

A sensitive and simple method for simultaneous preconcentration of trace heavy metal ions in some cereal
and vegetable samples has been reported. The method is based on the adsorption of Cu2+, Fe3+, Zn2+ and Pb2+
on 2-(2-nitro-phenylazo)-naphthalen-1-ol (NPN) loaded on activated carbon (AC). The adsorbed metals on
activated carbon were eluted using 3 ml 4 mol L−1 nitric acid. The influences of the analytical parameters
including pH, flow rate of sample and eluent, type and concentration of eluent, amount of adsorbent and
sample volume were investigated. The effects of matrix ions on the recoveries of analyte ions were also
investigated. The recoveries of analytes were generally higher than 95%. The detection limits for Cu2+, Fe3+,
Zn2+ and Pb2+ were 0.17 μg L-1 , 0.16 μg L-1 ,0.11 μg L-1 and 0.12 μg L-1 respectively.

Keywords


[1] J. Minczevski, J. Chwastowska, D. Dybezynski, Separation and Preconcentration Methods in Inorganic
Analysis, Ellis Horwood: Chichester, 1982.
[2] K. Zih-Perenyi, P. Jankovics, E. Sugar, A. Lasztity, Spectrochim. Acta 63B (2008) 445-449.
[3] G. Somer, A. N. Unlu, Turk. J. Chem. 30 (2006) 745-753.
[4] N. Jalbani, T. G. Kazi, M. K. Jamali, M. B. Arain, H. I. Afridi, A. Baloch, J. Food Comp. Anal. 20
(2007) 226-231.
[5] M. B. Arain, T. G. Kazi, M. K. Jamali, N. Jalbani, H. I. Afridi, J. A. Baig, J. Hazard. Mater. 154 (2008)
998-1006.
[6] R. Ansari, T. G. Kazi, M. K. Jamali, M. B. Arain, S. T. Sherazi, N. Jalbani, H. I. Afridi, J. AOAC Int. 91
(2008) 400-407.
[7] M. Ghaedi, M. R. Fathi, A. Shokrollahi, F. Shajarat, Anal. Lett. 39 (2006) 1171-1185.
[8] E. M. Soliman, M. B. Saleh, S. A. Ahmed, Anal. Chim. Acta 523 (2004) 133-140.
A.H.M. Sarrafi et al., J. Iranian Chem. Res. 5 (2) (2012) 55-63
63
[9] J. Posta, A. Alimonti, F. Petruci, S. Caroli, Anal. Chim. Acta 325 (1996) 185-193.
[10] J. P. Chen, M. Lin, Carbon 39 (2001) 1491-1504.
[11] K. Roy, S. Lahiri, Radiochim. Acta 96 (2008) 49-54.
[12] H. Niskavaara, E. Kontas, Anal. Chim. Acta 231 (1990) 273-282.
[13] K. Pyrzynska, Talanta 47 (1998) 841-848.
[14] L. Tavakkoli, Y. Yamini, H. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Nezhadali, S. Shariati, F. Noormohamadian, J. Hazard.
Mater. 152 (2008) 737-743.
[15] H. Wu, Y. Jin, Y. Tian, X. C. Tao, S. P. Bi, Atom. Spectrosc. 28 (2007) 220-226.
[16] R. Fu, H. Zeng, Y. Lu, S. Y. Lai, W. H. Chan, C. F. Ng, Carbon 33 (1995) 657-661.
[17] P.G.; Gittins, P.M.; Winn, J.M.; Robertson, J.; Carbon 23 (1985) 353-371.
[18] N. J. K. Simpson, Solid Phase Extraction—Principles. Techniques and Applications, Marcel Dekker:
USA, 2000.
[19] K. O. Saygi, M. Tuzen, M. Soylak, L. Elc¸ J. Hazard. Mater. 153 (2008) 1009-1014.
[20] G. Liu, H. Zhao, H. Yang, X. Gao, M. Li, T. Thiemann, Adv. Synth. Catal. 349 (2007) 1637-1640.
[21] M. Ghaedi, F. Ahmadi, M. Soylak, J. Hazard. Mater. 147 (2007) 226-231.
[22] IUPAC, Nomenclature, Pure Appl. Chem. 45 (1976) 105-123.